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About Guyana- Country, Climate, Food


Guyana is a sovereign country located in South America sharing its borders with the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the west. Guyana is a part of the Caribbean Region and is the third largest country in South America. The country has its cultural, historical and political ties with the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). The headquarters of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is located in the capital of Guyana, Georgetown.

The official language of Guyana is English. The major sources of economy in Guyana are gold mining, timber, agriculture (production of rice and Demerara sugar), bauxite mining, shrimp fishing and minerals. Guyana is spread over an area of 83,000 square miles.

At present, the population of Guyana is a mix of various ethnic groups that originate from countries like India, Africa, Europe, and China, as well as local people. In spite of having the varied backgrounds and languages, the people of Guyana share two common languages that are English and Creole. Most of the Indian origin Guyanese people come from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. And some of them are also descended Tamil speaking people from Tamil Nadu, and Telugus of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in South India.


The climatic conditions and environment becomes one of the main attractions for international students. Guyana experiences a tropical climate. There are two rainy seasons, the first from May to mid-August, and the second from mid-November to mid-January. Guyana is known to have one of the largest untouched rainforests in South America, some parts of which are almost unreachable by humans.


The cuisine in Guyana is a culinary hybrid of African, East Indian, Portuguese, and Chinese food. The people of Guyana usually cook three full meals every day. The most loved dishes among Guyanese people are pepperpot, roti and curry, noodles, meta gee (dumplings made from corn flour, eddews, yams, cassava and plantains cooked in coconut milk and grated coconut), and cook up, a one-pot meal that can include any favourite meats or vegetables. Guyanese people love homemade drinks like mauby which is made from the bark of a tree, sorrel - made from a leafy vegetable used in salads, and ginger beer.

Language and Medium of Education

Guyana is the only English speaking country in South America. The two major languages that are spoken in Guyana are English and Creole. However, English is the official language of the country.

The medium of instruction in Guyana in schools and colleges in English and Creole is the second language. The students from various parts of the world easily adapt to the environment of Guyana. Having a diverse culture and people from different origins, Guyana has a very friendly environment and culture. The people of Guyana are very helping and friendly.